The SAT is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. The test is intended to assess a student's readiness for postsecondary education. The current SAT Reasoning Test was introduced in 2005. Possible scores range from 600 to 2400, combining test results from three 800-point sections (Mathematics, Critical Reading, and Writing). Taking the SAT or the ACT is required for freshman entry to many, but not all, universities in the United States.
ACT – SAT Concordance Tables
In 2005, the College Board added a required Writing test to the SAT and ACT added an optional Writing test to the ACT. Before 2005, the ACT and the College Board had periodically produced concordance tables to assist admissions officers who wanted to understand how students of comparable ability would score on the two college entrance examinations. Given the changes to both respective tests, the College Board and ACT are now providing updated concordance tables that are appropriate to the current versions of the two tests.
Students who take the SAT receive three separate test scores: Critical Reading, Writing and Mathematics. Students who take the ACT receive a Composite ACT score and four subscores (Reading, English, Math and Science). Students who take the ACT Plus Writing receive the ACT Composite with the corresponding four subscores (Reading, English, Math and Science) and also receive a Writing subscore and a Combined English/Writing subscore.
Two separate concordance tables have been developed:
- Table 1 provides a concordance between the ACT Composite Score and the sum of SAT Critical Reading and Mathematics scores for 300,437 students.
- Table 2 provides a concordance between the ACT Combined English/Writing Score and the SAT Writing Score for 190,148 students who completed the ACT Plus Writing.
Both tables are based on scores from students who took both tests between September 2004 (for the ACT) or March 2005 (for the SAT) and June 2006. Students in the sample represent the first high school graduating cohort since the introduction of the SAT with Writing and the optional Writing section on the ACT. The sample includes students who completed both tests and were matched across ACT and SAT files. While the ACT and the SAT are different tests, these two tables are provided to help the education community better understand how students of comparable ability will score on the two tests.